Research to find a stem cell treatment for type 1 diabetes began in 2006. Patients with type 1 diabetes are not able to produce insulin because they lack insulin-producing cells, therefore they have high blood sugar levels. Researchers have sought ways to use stem cells as a means of treatment. Recently, scientists have created a patient-specific embryonic stem cell line that has two sets of chromosomes. The goal of this project is to be able to treat diabetic patients with their own insulin-producing cells. Trials will begin soon in humans with type 1 diabetes.
Contributing Author: Rosevine Azap