Hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs more frequently in African-Americans than in the general population. The increased incidence rate in the African American population is a consequence of genetics, high-salt and high-fat diets, high prevalence of smoking, excessive alcohol intake, inadequate exercise, and continuous stress. African-Americans are more sensitive to salt, which unfortunately elevates the risk of developing high blood pressure. Hypertension damages the heart and kidneys and results in a greater prevalence of diseases including renal failure.
Contributing Author: Jessica Wei